TRR (GROMACS lossless trajectory file)

Coordinate reader


Coordinate writer


The GROMACS TRR trajectory is a lossless format. This file format can store coordinates, velocities, and forces.


MDAnalysis currently treats trajectories with damaged frames by truncating them at the frame before. Check that you are loading a valid file with gmx check.

Reading in

MDAnalysis uses XDR based readers for GROMACS formats, which store offsets on the disk. The offsets are used to enable access to random frames efficiently. These offsets will be generated automatically the first time the trajectory is opened, and offsets are generally stored in hidden *_offsets.npz files. [1]

Trajectories split across multiple files can be read continuously into MDAnalysis with continuous=True, in the style of gmx trjcat.

Writing out

If the data dictionary of a Timestep contains a lambda value, this will be used for the written TRR file. Otherwise, lambda is set to 0.

Developer notes

It sometimes can happen that the stored offsets get out off sync with the trajectory they refer to. For this the offsets also store the number of atoms, size of the file and last modification time. If any of them change, the offsets are recalculated. Writing of the offset file can fail when the directory where the trajectory file resides is not writable or if the disk is full. In this case a warning message will be shown but the offsets will nevertheless be used during the lifetime of the trajectory Reader. However, the next time the trajectory is opened, the offsets will have to be rebuilt again.